Córdoba and Jaén dominated the olive oil market 2,000 years ago

Córdoba and Jaén dominated the olive oil market 2,000 years ago

2019/19/06 - 2,000 years ago, the countryside of Córdoba and Jaén were the main producing areas of olive oil in the world, as it happens today. Rome strengthened this crop and its trade, since Andalusian olive oil fed its soldiers and people for more than two centuries. The legions that protected the empire in Gaul, in Britain or on the borders of the Rhine and the Danube also used olive oil as one of the main foods in their diets.
This image of a past in which olive oil was as important as today has been proposed by researchers Carlos Márquez and Ángel Ventura, from the Department of History of Art, Archeology and Music of the University of Córdoba (UCO), and Enrique Melchor, from the Department of Sciences of the Antiquity and the Middle Ages of this teaching center in the last edition of "The University Responds."

In response to the question posed by the micro-space of the program "Sustainable Universe" of Spanish TVE, "How important was olive oil in antiquity?", UCO researchers conducted an analysis on how production and marketing of this product influenced the Roman societies, which in the case of Andalusia were numerous and with a monumentality of great importance.

In this context, producers and oil merchants made all kinds of donations to the communities seeking to obtain more votes in the elections and receive public honors and distinctions. They financed statues, buildings, shows and banquets, favoring peace and social consensus and determining the monumentality of these cities, as highlighted by the Cordovan university.

The participation of UCO researchers in the "Respond University" project, coordinated by the CRUE and where 33 universities collaborate, responds to the need to transfer the effort they make in their research work in a way that is understandable to the public. In this way, it seeks to achieve a conscious society and treasure scientific culture that is practical in their day to day and allows them to be aware of the present and future challenges of Spanish research.
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