As reported by this Department in a statement, they have analyzed 322,329 liters, of which 114,750 have been founded in conformity and 207,579 liters have been founded with defects. Also, 279 samples of 214 different lots have been inspected. Specifically, of the total number analyzed, 38.7% of the lots were defective and 79% of the irregularities were related to a poor quality.
The Ministry has stated that the most common fraud committed by the packaging companies has been the sale of vegetable oil as pomace oil, characterized by "a strong smell and high acidity and should not be used for the food industry." In this sense, in the State of Paraná were identified most of the companies that sold the product as olive oil, although it was composed of soybean oil (85%) and pomace (15%).
For the irregularities detected, fines of up to 532,000 dollars have been imposed and the products have been apprehended to be withdrawn from the market. The companies were also denounced by the Public Ministry and later a police investigation will be opened.
The states in which the majority of the irregularities were registered were Sao Paulo, Paraná, Santa Catarina and the Federal District, where the largest number of companies that pack this product are concentrated. Likewise, as the MAPA has detailed, bottlers who import in bulk, mainly from Argentina, have presented the majority of irregularities.
The Minister of Agriculture, Luis Rangel, has highlighted the effectiveness of the inspection activities carried out, since they have prevented these products from reaching the consumer.
The analyzes were carried out by the national agricultural laboratories (Lanagro) of Rio Grande do Sul and Goiás.
In recent days, MAPA has assured that it is intensifying the number of inspections of olive oil, collecting selected samples along with those of companies that presented irregularities in the last two years. In the first week of April alone, 243,000 liters suspected of fraud were collected.
The Department recalled that Brazil is the world's third largest importer of olive oil, according to the latest data from the International Olive Council (IOC), which indicates that in 2016 it imported about 50 million tons of this product.